Clinical Radiology Phase 2 Examination

The information on the Phase 2 Examinations in this section refers to the Phase 2 Examinations as applicable to trainees who will be commencing the training program from February 2022. Trainees transitioning into the Training Program 2022 must refer to transition arrangements information provided to them and also available within The Clinical Radiology Learning Outcomes

For clarity on terms used in this section: 

  • The College plans to facilitate two examination sittings per year, each sitting is considered an opportunity. 
  • When a trainee first registers and sits for an examination, this is deemed as a first opportunity and counts towards an overall maximum of six consecutive opportunities. 
  • Once a trainee commences sitting the Phase 2 Examinations, not sitting at an opportunity is considered a missed opportunity and is counted towards the maximum of six consecutive opportunities. 

The Phase 2 Examinations include: 

  1. Pathology Examination 
  2. Clinical Radiology Examinations, made up of: 
    • MCQ Examination 
    • Case Reporting Examination 
  1. Objective Structured Clinical Examination in Radiology (OSCER).

Trainees must successfully pass the Pathology Examination and the Clinical Radiology Examinations (collectively, ‘the Phase 2 Written Examinations’) before they can present to sit the OSCER examination. 

Trainees may apply to sit both the Pathology Examination and Clinical Radiology Examinations together or independent of each other. For clarity, the MCQ Examination and the Case Reporting Examination (which together form the Clinical Radiology Examinations), must be sat together. 

In order to successfully complete the Phase 2 Examinations, trainees are provided with six consecutive examination opportunities from the commencement of their first sitting, in Phase 2 of training, with a maximum of three consecutive opportunities for each examination. 

  • Pathology Written Examinations – maximum three opportunities 
  • Clinical Radiology Written Examinations – maximum three opportunities 
  • OSCERS – maximum three opportunities

This rule will start from a trainee’s first sitting in Phase 2 of training and applies regardless of the trainee’s FTE status. Not sitting an opportunity is considered and recorded as a missed opportunity unless the trainee is on College approved remediation or interrupted training or has been approved by the College to defer or withdraw from the examination under the Consideration of Special Circumstances Policy. 

Once an examination has been successfully passed, only the remaining examinations need to be completed. For example, if a trainee fails one of the two Clinical Radiology Written Examinations (either the MCQ Examination or the Case Reporting Examination), they are only required to sit that failed examination at their next opportunity. 

Trainees who are unable to successfully pass the ‘Phase 2 Written Examinations’ within the stipulated maximum number of opportunities, will not be able to present for the OSCER examination and will be withdrawn from the training program. 

Trainees who are deemed to have been unable to successfully pass the OSCER examination within the stipulated maximum number of opportunities will be withdrawn from the training program. 

For more information on Phase 2 Examinations refer to:


To be eligible to apply for the Phase 2 Examinations candidates must be: 

  • within Phase 2 of training (at time of sitting the examination), 
  • be a trainee in a RANZCR accredited training position, 
  • a financial member of the College. 

All Phase 2 Written Examinations must be successfully completed before a trainee is eligible to present for the OSCER. 

For more information on eligibility refer to RANZCRs Clinical Radiology Handbook.

Examination Format and Structure 

The Phase 2 Written Examinations include: 

Pathology Examination

One three-hour examination to assess trainee’s core and advanced knowledge of pathology as applied to current radiological practice. 

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 

           100 Qs, worth 1 mark per question 

  • Short Answer Questions (SAQs) 

           10 SAQs, worth 6 marks per question. There will be two general questions and one question per topic area.

Clinical Radiology Examination

MCQ Examination 

One two-hour examination to assess trainee’s core and advanced knowledge of diagnostic radiology as applied to current radiological practice. 

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) 

           100 MCQs, worth 1 mark per question

Case Reporting Examination 

One three-hour examination to assess trainee’s competencies in perception, interpretation, diagnosis and communication via the written report. 

  • Short Cases 

           20 questions, worth 3 marks per question 

  • Medium Cases 

           10 questions, worth 6 marks per question 

  • Long Cases 

           5 questions, worth 12 marks per question

For more information refer to: Phase 2 Examination (Clinical Radiology) Policy - Draft

Examination Format and Structure 

The OSCER is a capstone assessment to assess the trainee’s competence to practice autonomously as a clinical radiologist, incorporating clinical reasoning, clinical judgement, medical skills and knowledge as well as broader intrinsic roles including communication and professionalism. 

There will be seven OSCER stations across seven topic areas. The stations are: 

  • Abdominal 
  • Neuroradiology/Head and Neck 
  • Thoracic and Cardiovascular 
  • Breast 
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology 
  • Musculoskeletal 
  • Paediatrics 

Each question is mapped to one of the following domains: 

  • Intrinsic Roles 
  • Observation 
  • Interpretation 
  • Management 
  • Pathology 
  • Anatomy 
  • AIT/ Patient Safety 

There will be 25 minutes for each station, with 8-10 cases per station. The number of cases will be dependent on the topic area, modality and complexity. Trainees have three consecutive opportunities at the OSCERs. 

For more information refer to: Phase 2 Examination (Clinical Radiology) Policy - Draft

Demonstration Site and Online Practice Exam (OPE):

The RANZCR Clinical Radiology Written Examinations are now being delivering on a new digital platform. The instructional video below should be watched by all candidates before practicing on the accompanying demonstration site. It is essential that candidates watch the video and familarise themselves with the new platform on the demonstration site before attempting the examination.

Candidates should be aware the “Question Type Demonstration” consists of one sample question from each of the following written examinations:

  • Part 2: e-Radiology MCQ Exam
  • Part 2: e-Pathology MCQ Exam

Please note, the ‘Question Type Demonstration’ is not intended to be a study tool, but instead a method for candidates to familiarise themselves with the new platform. The platform will include a countdown timer for the RANZCR examinations so that candidates know how much time remains during the live exam. This has intentionally been disabled for the demonstration so that candidates can spend as much time as they desire in the demonstration.

Candidates can now access the Part 2: e-Film online practice examination through the links and login below. The online practice examination replicates the real examination with use of tools and question navigation.

Demonstration Site and Online Practice Exam Instructional Videos:

Question Type Demo Exam Instructional Video

eFilm OPE Exam Instructional Video

Demonstration Site and Online Practice Exam Login:


Login ID is 11001, with password 11001.

The new platform demonstration site requires the following PINs to access the different examinations:

  • UPDATED Clinical Radiology Phase 1 Demo Exam PIN:       350102
  • Clinical Radiology Question Type Demonstration PIN:        961702
  • Clinical Radiology e-Film Online Practice Exam PIN:           908916 

The candidate ID number for the two examinations is 11001.

Please note the platform works best on the Google Chrome browser.

NB: We are aware that the wrong logo is displayed on the login page. This is being rectified however, the demo site is with RANZCR questions.

How to access guide

e-MCQs (Pathology):



The College presents prizes to the most successful candidates in College examinations. Visit our Examination Prizes page for more information.

Examination Information

The following resources have been prepared for the Phase 2 examinations: 

Written Examination Technical Information

Video Recording Resources